Three little effs. …
How much is 1 degree Far in height anyway?
Originally posted by don't take this fool seriously on this one::
According to Meteorologist Randy Mann, who teaches volcanic processes in his Physical Geography class at North Idaho College each semester, the next biggest eruption that occurred, in terms of size, was Krakatoa, in what is now Indonesia. That volcano exploded on Aug. 23, 1883, and 'blew the island completely off the map.' According to an article from Time.com, the blast was the equivalent of 13,000 hydrogen bombs. There were a total of five eruptions in 1883. One blast was equal to 3,000 Hiroshima-size atom bombs, which ended the war with Japan.
Krakatoa's eruption also created the loudest noise in recorded history. The sound could be heard as far as 3,000 miles away. Some scientists estimated that the sound could be heard over one thirtieth of the Earth's surface. Imagine that a noise generated in the Northeast that could be heard with perfect clarity in San Francisco.
Krakatoa sent a giant cloud of ash upwards of 90,000 feet that blackened the sky for hundreds of miles in every direction. Soon thereafter, something even more deadly happened. The volcano collapsed into its caldera creating a giant sea wave called a 'tsunami.' Because there was no warning, more than 36,000 people drowned from waves as high as 100 feet. Where there once was an island was now empty ocean.
The ash and dust in the higher levels of the atmosphere remained suspended in the sky for more than three years. Temperatures cooled worldwide by more than two degrees Fahrenheit. Sunsets were so colorful that many artists around the globe painted them.
Other major volcanic eruptions since 1815 included; Galunggung in Indonesia, in 1822. More than 4,000 people were killed. Global temperatures dipped by approximately one degree Fahrenheit.
The Ritter Volcano, on Papua New Guinea, exploded in 1888 killing at least 3,000 people. Blizzards east of the Rockies in the following two years were blamed on this eruption. Temperatures cooled worldwide by more than two full degrees Fahrenheit.
Mount Pelee, in Martinique, in the West Indies, blew its top in 1902. At least 29,000 people died. Temperatures globally cooled by more than a degree Fahrenheit.
In 1919, Kelut, in Indonesia, erupted killing 5,110 people. Minor global cooling resulted. A series of blizzards hit the eastern U.S. that next winter of 1919-20.
In 1951, the Lamington Volcano, on Papua New Guinea, erupted killing an estimated 3,000 people. Only minor cooling followed this eruption.
Just exactly how many weather stations were there worldwide in the early nineteenth century?
And how would anyone know that temperatures had dropped a degree Fahrenheit; were there equally as many in the eighteenth century?
The article reminds me of an half hour I once spent readiing a thread about global warming on Usenet. It wasn't until I had read most of the way through it that I realised they were discussing a part of a current in a part of a very large ocean which wass supposed to have dropped half a degree centigrade over so many howevermuches.
How the bloody hell can they tell what the other temperatures were at other levels and heights?
When the weather stabilises as it tends to with a lot of aerosols, then the layers don't mix very well. You don't have to be a genius to realise what happens then.